Specialist Language Courses

Lesson Plan: Describing Injuries

Lesson Plan - Describing Injuries

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This lesson teaches the language used to describe injuries. It includes vocabulary, speaking, reading and writing activities.

B1 level

Teacher Notes

●    Topic: describing injuries

●    Timing: 30-45 minutes

●    Lesson Type/Focus: speaking, reading, vocabulary and writing


●       Speaking:  discuss and review language to describe injuries

●       Reading:  identify vocabulary, read for specific information

●       Vocabulary: identify medical and everyday language for common injuries

●       Writing: practise organising and presenting information


The focus of the lesson is describing injuries. The speaking activity introduces the topic and gives students the opportunity to share their ideas and experience. The reading activity contextualises some of this language and practises identifying vocabulary and reading for specific information. The vocabulary activity reviews medical and everyday terms. The writing activity uses language from the lesson and students’ own knowledge to produce a piece of patient-centred writing.

Note: This lesson also supports the language introduced in the following:

●       Course: English for Nurses: Getting the Essentials Right

●       Unit: Falls and injuries

●       Module: ‘Falls and injuries’ pages 12 and 13

Teaching Guide & Answer Key

Part 1: speaking

Put students into pairs or small groups and ask them to discuss questions 1–3 on the student worksheet. Encourage them to share examples from their own experience.

Do whole class feedback to discuss and share answers.

Suggested answers

  1. How many injuries can you name? Make a list for broken skin and intact skin.
    Students’ answers many include:
    broken skin: cut/laceration, abrasion/graze
    intact skin: bruise, fracture/broken bone, dislocation, sprained muscle, strained muscle

  2. What are some of the causes of injuries?
    accidental fall / falling over
    slipping or tripping over
    repetitive actions such as twisting or bending over

  3. What advice would you give to patients to prevent injuries?
    ensure warning signs are in place, e.g., wet floors
    use sensor lights to guide patients to the bathroom at night
    ensure staff understand correct lifting techniques and avoidance of repetitive movements

Download the complete lesson plan and student worksheet:


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